Poll of PA businesses show Gov. Wolf has high disapproval rating

Date: September 27, 2015

NFIB Pennsylvania wants to share the results of the Keystone Business
Climate Survey in which many of our members took part.  We are republishing the analysis of that
report below with the permission of the Lincoln Institute and it’s author.  All the results can be found at this link:


Business Owners Deeply Negative

Lowman S. Henry

Governor Wolf posts 82% disapproval rating

Governor Tom Wolf, who owned and operated a mid-sized business
before running for office, has become enormously unpopular with his former
peers posting the second highest negative rating for a governor in the 20-year
history of the Keystone Business Climate Survey. The September poll of business
owners and chief executive officers found 82% hold a negative view of the
governor’s job performance while 12% say he is doing a good job.

The governor’s budget proposals lie at the heart of the business
community’s disapproval. Eight-one percent say the Wolf tax and spending plans
would harm Pennsylvania’s business climate, 64% say they would do significant
harm. Further, Wolf gets the lion’s share of the blame for the budget impasse.
Fifty-eight percent say the budget stalemate is the governor’s fault, just 6%
blame legislative Republicans. Another 32% say both the governor and the
legislature are to blame for the lack of a state budget.

Business Climate

One year ago, for the first time since the Fall of 2004, more of
the business owners/CEO participating in the survey said that business
conditions in Pennsylvania had gotten better (20%) during the preceding six
months that felt it had gotten worse (19%). By last Spring those number had
slipped significantly into negative territory with 13% saying business
conditions had improved and 33% saying the state’s business climate had gotten
worse. In the current (September 2015) survey, 42% say the business climate in
Penn’s Woods got worse over the past six months, 6% say it has improved.

Optimism for improvement of the state’s business climate in the
coming six months has faded since last Spring. Only 6% expect business
conditions to improve headed into the new year, down from the 12% who expressed
optimism last Spring. Those who expect the business climate to get worse rose
from 44% in March to 49% in the September survey.

Employment levels are also slipping. Fifteen percent of the
owners/CEOs said they have increased the number of employees in their business
over the past six months, 21% said they now employ fewer people. Looking ahead,
14% plan to add employees in the coming six months, 16% expect to have fewer

Sales are also down. Twenty-eight percent of the businesses
participating in the survey say their sales have decreased over the past six
months, 27% say sales are up. There is a bit of optimism for the future,
however, as 25% project an increase in sale over the upcoming six months while
18% are bracing for a decrease.

State Issues

The ongoing state budget impasse remains a top issue. Governor
Wolf has put the biggest proposed tax hike in the nation on the table, the
Republican-controlled legislature refuses to go along. Owners/CEO participating
in the Fall 2015 Keystone Business Climate Survey are not willing to see a
resolution of the budget stalemate at any cost. Ninety percent said they do not
want new state budget if it will result in a significant increase in their
taxes. Nine percent say they are willing to pay significantly higher taxes if
it would result in an immediate budget resolution.

Education spending is one of the sticking points in the budget.
Governor Wolf is demanding significantly higher spending. But the poll found
business owners disagree with the need to spend more on K-12 public education.
Forty-four percent say the state already spends too much on public education
and another 30% feel current spending levels are about right. Twenty-two
percent agree with the governor that too little money is spent on education.

There is strong agreement with the Republican legislative
position that the public education pension system must be reformed before any
increase in spending is approved. Eighty-seven percent see pension reform as a
prerequisite to spending more on education, 10% disagree.

Look at the budget generally, 69% agree that any resolution to
the state budget impasse must include a plan to privatize Pennsylvania’s
state-run liquor store system. Twenty-two percent do not link liquor
privatization to a budget resolution.

Asked which statement most closely describes Governor Tom Wolf’s
budget proposal 45% said it is a significant increase in spending, 21%
identified it as the biggest spending increase in state history and 15%
correctly identified it as a tax and spending increase greater than that
proposed by all 49 other states combined. Two percent termed the budget a
“modest increase” in state spending.

By some estimates Pennsylvania spends about $700 million a year
on individual grants or tax breaks to certain companies or industries. Such grants
are viewed by some as “economic development,” by others as
“corporate welfare.” Thirty-two percent of the business owners/CEOs
said such grants should be eliminated entirely and taxes reduced on all
businesses. Eleven percent favor the elimination of such grants with the
savings used to balance the state budget. Forty percent would reduce, but not
eliminate economic development grants, and 4% think more money should be spent
on such projects.

Job Approval Ratings

Eighty-two percent disapprove of the job being done by Governor
Wolf, up from the 70% who held a negative view of the governor in the March
2015 poll. That number is the second highest disapproval rating for a governor
in the 20-year history of the Keystone Business Climate Survey surpassed only
by the 86% negative rating received by Governor Ed Rendell in September of
2009. The only elected official with a lower job approval rating that Governor
Wolf is President Barack Obama. Eighty-eight percent of those participating
have a negative view of the President’s job performance, 10% view him in a
positive light. U.S. Senator Pat Toomey received a 47% positive job approval
against a 28% negative rating. U.S. Senator Robert P. Casey, Jr. didn’t fare as
well, 64% disapprove of the job the senior senator from Pennsylvania is doing,
15% approve. The business leaders are also not pleased with the job being done
by federal fiscal officials. Forty-four percent disapprove of the job being
done by Federal Reserve Board Chairman Janet Yellen, 21% approve. U.S. Treasury
Secretary Jack Lew is viewed negatively by 42%, while 11% approve of his job

Pennsylvania Attorney General Kathleen Kane is under indictment
for allegedly leaking secret grand jury information. Sixty-eight percent
disapprove of her performance in office, 8% approve. However, 43% say she
should not resign from office and is innocent until proven guilty. Forty
percent think she should resign and 10% want her to be impeached.

Legislative chambers continue to be viewed negatively by the
business owners/CEOs. Only ten percent have a positive opinion of the job being
done by the United States Senate, 15% approve of the job being done by the U.S.
House of Representatives. The state legislature fared better: 31% approve of
the job being done by the Pennsylvania Senate, the Pennsylvania House of
Representatives earned a 34% job approval rating.

Presidential Race

Business community support for presidential candidates closely
mirrored current nationwide polls. Donald Trump leads the pack at 26% followed
by Dr. Ben Carson at 23%. Carly Fiorina registered 7% followed by Ted Cruz at
7% and Scott Walker (who has since exited the race) at 6%. The rest of the
field, including all of the Democratic candidates, scored at 5% or less.


The Fall 2015 Keystone Business Climate Survey was conducted
electronically between September 14, 2015 and September 21, 2015. A total of
324 business leaders responded. Of those 80% are the owner of a business; 14%
are the CEO/COO/CFO; 2% a local manager and 1% a state manager. Twenty-nine
percent of the respondents have businesses based in southeastern Pennsylvania,
21% in southcentral Pennsylvania, 17% in southwestern Pennsylvania, 9% in
northwestern Pennsylvania, 7% in northeastern Pennsylvania, 5% in the Lehigh
Valley, and 5% each in north Central Pennsylvania and the Johnstown/Altoona
area. Complete numeric results of the poll are available at


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